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《Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin》 2009-23
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Effects of Sink-Source Characters of Hybrid Rice Main Season on Growth and Development of Ratooning Rice

Li Muying,Shi Qinghua,Zeng Meihua,Pan Xiaohua,Tan Xueming(Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology,Ecology and Genetic Breeding,Ministry of Education;Key Laboratory of Physiology,Ecology and Cultivation of Double Cropping Rice,Ministry of Agriculture,PRC;Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology,Ecology and Genetic Breeding of Jiangxi Province,College of Agronomy,JXU,Nanchang 330045)  
Six hybrid rice combinations which are suitable for ratooning rice farming were used to study the effect of sink-source characters of main rice on growth and development of ratooning rice.The result showed that the correlation was remarkable between the spikeles numbers of per panicle,filled grains numbers,grain weight of ratooning rice and sink components of main season.The panicle numbers of ratooning rice and main season was negative correlated.The rate of living axillary buds decreased with filling of grains in main season.The rate of living axillary buds may reach 100% in 2 nodes from the top,and it was only 33.28%-58.21% in 4 and 5 nodes from the top.Ratooning of per culm and panicle numbers of main season was significantly negatively correlated.The ratooning of per culm and leaves dry matter,leaves area,chlorophyl content,culm and sheath dry matter of ripeness stage was positively correlated.Export rate of culm and sheath matter of milk stage had significantly negative correlation.The harmonized relation of sinksources and fine population quality before mid growth stage of main season was basic of the high yield of main season and ratooning bud growth.The lower export rate of culm and sheath matter,slow senescence rate of leaves,adequate area of high effect leaves,high physiology activity and photosynthetic product export in time of late stage was the key of high yield of main season and ratooning bud growth.
【Fund】: 农业部超级稻研究专项“超级稻配套栽培技术开发与技术集成”;; 江西省科技厅农业攻关重大项目(20061B0203114)
【CateGory Index】: S511.01
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