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《Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin》 2009-24
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Relationship between Root Chemical Signals and Grain Quality of Rice

Tan Guilu, Yang Jianchang(Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou Jiangsu 225009)  
This paper evaluated the relationship between root chemical signals (hormones, organic acids, amino acids, polyamines and ions) and the grain quality of rice and its regulation techniques. root-sourced cytokinins (zeatin + zeatin riboside) and abscisic acid (ABA) regulated grain filling and milling quality and cooking quality. The concentrations of 1-aminocylopropane -1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in roots were very significantly and positively correlated with the percentage of chalky grains and chalkiness. The contents and components of organic acids in root exudates were closely associated with the absorption of heavy metal (cadmium and lead) in plants and the eating quality. Concentrations of polyamines and the ratio of spermine to putrescine in roots played a regulation role in protein components in grains. Root-sourced cytokinins regulated endosperm development and thereby regulated the formation of milling and cooking qualities. Roles of root-derived ABA in grain filling and cooking quality was mainly attributed to the regulation of the hormone to the activities of enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism (sucrose synthase, adenine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase, starch synthase and starch-branching enzyme) in the grain. Through affecting the structure of starch granules in the grain, root-sourced ACC regulated appearance quality. Root chemical signals could be regulated therefore rice quality be improved through chemical controls and the management of irrigation and fertilizer application.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“根系化学讯号对稻米品质形成的作用及其机理(30671225);; “水稻根尖细胞超微结构和根伤流液与分泌物组分及其与产量形成的关系”(30771274)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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