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《Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin》 2015-11
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Study on Meat Quality Characteristics of Wushan Black Goat, Dazu Black Goat and Their Hybrids of Boer Goat

Wang Gaofu;Jiang Jing;Ren Hangxing;Huang Yongfu;Zhou Peng;Zhang Li;Huang Jian;Huang Lihong;Sun Xiaoyan;Wang Lin;Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences;Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Goat;Wushan Zhenxing Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Science and Technology Co., Ltd.;  
At the beginning, we randomly selected 9 of 4-month-old Wushan black goat, Boer ×Wushan blackgoat F1, Dazu black goat, and Boer ×Dazu black goat F1 respectively; after 60-day castration and strengthfattening, we selected 6 lambs from each group for slaughtering and studies on meat quality characteristics.The results showed that:(1) Boer ×Dazu black goat F1 had higher total fat in muscle than Wushan black goat(P0.05), and ash content was significantly lower than that of Wushan black goat and Dazu black goat(P0.01), but there was no significant difference in crude protein, cholesterol, and water of four groups(P0.05);(2) the content of various amino acids in Dazu black goat muscle was highest, the content in Boer ×Wushanblack goat F1 was second highest, the content in Boer ×Dazu black goat F1 was minimum; 14 kinds of aminoacids content in the muscle of Boer × Wushan black goat F1 had significantly improved than their femaleparent, while 16 kinds of amino acids in Boer ×Dazu black goat F1 was significantly lower than that of itsparents; there were 5 essential amino acids score close to or more than 100 in Boer ×Wushan black goat F1,but other groups only had 4 essential amino acids;(3) there was highest stearic acid, palmitic acid and myristicacid content in the muscle of Boer ×Wushan black goat F1, oleic acid and linoleic acid content in Boer ×Dazublack goat F1 and Dazu black goat muscle were significantly higher than that of the Wushan black goat(P0.05), relative content of linoleic acid in intramuscular fat in Dazu black goat muscle was significantly higherthan that of the Boer ×Dazu black goat F1(P0.05).(4) The phosphorus content was significantly higher thanother elements in the 4 groups; selenium content was highest in muscle of Boer ×Wushan black goat F1, andsignificantly higher than the content in muscle of Boer ×Dazu black goat F1(P0.05). 7 kinds of elementswere on the rise in the muscle of Boer ×Wushan black goat F1 than its parents, while 5 kinds of elements weresignificantly reduced in Boer ×Dazu black goat F1 than its parents.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划“三峡库区山羊健康养殖关键技术集成与示范”(2011BAD36B02);; 国家家养动物种质资源平台运行服务(NIAGR);; 重庆市畜牧科学院科科研业务项目“酉州乌羊肉质特性研究”(12607);; 重庆市2014年农发资金项目“乌羊选育扩繁及其特色性状遗传基础研究”(14412)
【CateGory Index】: S827
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