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《Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin》 2015-20
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Effect of Neoseiulus cucumeiris Carry Paecilomyces fumosoroseus on the Prevention of Aphids and Spider Mites in Eggplant

Sun Li;Zhang Yanxuan;Zhao Lingling;Lin Jianzhen;Chen Xia;Ji Jie;Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agriculture Sciences;Research Center of Engineer and Technology of Natural Enemy Resource of Crop Pest in Fujian;  
Using Neoseiulus cucumeris carry Paecilomyces fumosoroseus is a new idea of biological control ofaphids and spider mites in eggplant, in order to verify its feasibility, the germination condition and toxicity of P. fumosoroseus were studied. The optimum germination temperature and humidity were tested by the methodof small container air humidity control, and the toxicity to aphids and spider mites with 1×104-1×108spore/m Lwas also tested under optimum conditions. The pot experiment had 6 treatments:(1) CK;(2) released 50 N.cucumeris;(3) sprayed 20 m L spore suspension liquid of 107spore/m L;(4) sprayed 20 m L spore suspensionliquid of 107spore/m L then released 50 N. cucumeris;(5) released 20 N. cucumeris with conidia powder;(6)released 50 N. cucumeris with conidia powder. The results showed that the optimum germination condition of P.fumosoroseus conidia was 25- 30℃ and RH 95%- 100%, the accumulated revised mortality of aphids andpredatory mites was 86.52% and 41.78%, respectively, under this condition and spore suspension liquid of108spore/m L in ten days, the toxicity on aphids was far more than that on predatory mites, which met thecondition of a kind of carrier to prevent aphids. From the pot experiment, the number of aphids of treatment(3),(4) and(6) was close to 0 at the 8th day, and the method could also save labor and time. The study proved thatusing Neoseiulus cucumeiris carry Paecilomyces fumosoroseus to prevent aphids and spider mites in eggplantwas a feasible method.
【Fund】: 福建省农科院青年基金项目“利用胡瓜新小绥螨携带淡紫拟青霉菌兼防叶螨和蚜虫”(2012DQA-2);; 福建省自然科学基金“利用捕食螨携带虫生菌控制柑橘木虱的研究”(2014J1108);; 福建省农科院创新团队项目“捕食螨携带虫生真菌防治害虫的产品研制与应用”(CXTD-2-1313);; 国家863计划“生物农药新剂型研究与产品创制”(2011AA10A201)
【CateGory Index】: S476.12
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