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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 1985-02
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STUDY ON THE LATENT BORON DEFICIENCY IN COTTON AND THE EFFECTIVE APPLICATION OF BORON TO COTTON

Wang Yunhua Liu Wuding Pi Meimei (Huazhong Agricultural College, Wuchang, Hubei Province)  
1.According to the results of four-year pot experiments and 306 field experiments, soil available B 0.8 ppm was the threshold for the yield increase and decrease of cotton. Therefore, we suggested that soil available B 0.8 ppm may be used as the diagnostic criteria for the B deficiency latent cotton. It is an useful guide for applying B to cotton.2.According to the results of six-year experiments, the cotton petiolar band may be used as the morphological diagnostic criterion for latent B deficiency.3.In 1981—1982, the results of 317 field experiments indicated that the yield of ginned cotton was increased on the average of 12.7 jin/mu (or about 10.7%) .The gross output value was above 18 yuan/mu, whereas the cost of B application was 0.4—0.5 yuan/mu only, a highly significant effect on yield increase with a high economic efficiency.4.The main role of B application to cotton was the increase of bolls per plant, of single boll weight and lint percentage. The quality was improved also.5.The methods of B application to cotton are determined by the available B content in the soil. Where B is severely deficient, B fertilizer can be applied at sowing, with a rate of 1—1.5' jin of borax per mu. However, when the soil is in a state of moderate or slight B deficiency, the most effective, economical and safe method of application is the foliar spray of 0.2% borax solution at the square, early bloom and early boll stages.
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