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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 1989-01
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STUDIES ON THE GROWTH AND PANICLE DIFFERENTIATION OF RESTING BUD AND ITS APPLICATION IN RICE PLANTS

Ling Chihong Su Zufang Ho Kongpen Guo Hongwen (Jiangsu Agricultural College, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province)  
The observation on the growth and panicle differentiation of resting buds on the stem of seven varieties was carried out in Yangzhou in 1986 and 1987. The results were summarized as follows:1. The initiation of resting bud panicle was in from differentiating stage of pistil and stamens to pollen mother cell differentiation stage.2. In the heading stage of first crop. the resting bud panicle differentiation on the middle or upper nod positions had entered the differentiating stage of spikelet primordia, while those on the lower nod positions was in the stage of first rachis-branches, a few was in the initiation.3. From heading to harvesting in first crop, the resting bud panicle differentiation was in the state of dormancy, and the panicle development was in from the stage of first rachis-branches to the differentiating stage of spikelet primordia.4. According to the generation rate of resting buds on stems, all of varieties could be divided into lower nod positions type, upper nod positions type, and whole nod positions type, etc.5. In the 7-10 days before harvesting of first crop, dressing nitrogen fertilizer could promote the generation of resting buds, and improve the grain number and weight per ear.
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