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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 1989-01
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INFLUENCES OF B, N and K NUTRITIONAL LEVEL ON B UPTAKE, QUALITY AND YIELD OF RAPESEED

Yang Yuai, Xu Huokun Jie Zhengqian (Zhejiang Agricultural University) Wang Bingyan (Agricultural Bureau of Zhejiang Province)  
Field and pot experiments were conducted to study the effects of B, N and K supply level on B uptake, physiological activities, quality and yield of different rapeseed varieties or lines. The results obtained were summarized as follows:(1) It was showed that addition of B to the soils increased the B content of different organs of rapeseeds. Potassium influenced negatively the B uptake by the rapeseeds under B deficiency or high B and low N supply level in soils, while influenced positively when N supply level was higher.(2) The rapeseeds yields were found to be positively and significantly correlated with both water soluble B in soils and B contents of the leaves, and the latter was much more significant (r:0.878, P:1%). We also found that the leaf was the most sensitive part to B application among the organs of rapeseed.(3) B application combined with N and K fertilization promoted effectively the rapeseeds growth, enhanced CO_2 assimilation rate and NRA of the leaves, and thus raised the dry matter accumulation.(4) The content of glucosinolate, erucic acid in grain varied much among the rapeseed varieties or lines, and decreased in most of them with increasing K and B supply level in soils, while the content of the fat correspondingly raised. However, the opposite effects were found with increasing N fertilization.(5) It was found that combined fertilization of B with N and K increased obviously the rapeseed yield. The results from field experiments showed that when the proportion of N and P application was equal, the top yield was obtained with the treatment of K_3B_2, then comes the subtop yield was K_2B_1 and K_2B_2, respectively, and they all reached statistically significant level (p=0.05) by L.S.R. test, compared with the other treatments.
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