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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 2004-08
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Yield Advantage of Groundnut Intercropped with Rice Cultivated in Aerobic Soil from the Viewpoint of Plant Nitrogen Nutrition

SHEN Qi-rong, CHU Gui-xin, CAOJin-liu, CAO Yun, YIN Xiao-yan (College of Resources and Environment Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095; College of Agronomy, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000 )  
Rice cultivation in aerobic soil makes it possible to intercrop with legumes since most of the legumes can only be grown in aerobic soil. Little information is available on the effects of groundnut intercropped with rice cultivated in aerobic soil. A 2-yr (2001-2002) field experiment was carried out to examine the yield advantage of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) intercropped with rice cultivated in aerobic soil from the view point of nitrogen nutrition of plant and the effects of intercropping system on soil inorganic N. The results indicated that the relative advantages of intercropping, expressing as land equivalent ratio (LER), were 1.18 and 1.36 in intercropping system of 4:2 and 3:3 (the ratio of lines between rice and groundnut) in 2002 and 1.41 with intercropping sysytem of 3 : 3 in 2001. The treatment of groundnut/rice intercropping increased the grain yield of rice by 18%-41% compared with sole rice cropping system. The intercropping system had a greater influence on yield of rice than that of groundnut. The yield of rice in intercropping system increased by 31.8% and 58.9% in treatments with the ratio between rice and groundnut at 4:2 and 3:3 respectively, compared with sole cropping of rice in 2002. The ratio between rice and groundnut at 3:3 was better than that at 4:2. Nitrogen concentration in rice leaves under intercropping condition was higher than that of rice cultivated in sole cropping, i.e., N concentrations in rice leaves were 21.2, 24.9 and 22.8 g·kg-1 in treatments of rice sole cropping and the ratio between rice and groundnut at 3 : 3 and 4 : 2 respectively. As compared with sole cropping N concentrations in rice leaves were increased by 7.5% and 17.5% in treatments of the ratio between rice and groundnut at 4 : 2 and 3 : 3,respectively. As a result, chlorophyll content (indicated by SPAD reading) in rice leaves in intercropping treatment was also increased significantly. The decrease of soil inorganic N was significantly alleviated in intercropping system. Nutrient use efficiency in intercropping system was also discussed from the view point of plant nutritional ecology.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30070446 30200036)
【CateGory Index】: S344.2
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