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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 2011-18
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Physiological Effect and Cytological Characterization Regarding Susceptible Response of New Herbicide ZJ0273 in Barley

GUO Xiang,ZHANG Fan,JIN Zong-lai,DENG Xiang-qin,WU Ling-tong,WARUSAWITHARANA Hasitha,ZHOU Wei-jun(Institute of Crop Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310058)  
【Objective】In order to define the safety and mechanism of new herbicide propyl 4-(2-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yloxy)benzylamino) benzoate(ZJ0273) to barley,this paper investigated the physiological effect of ZJ0273 on the root-tip cell ultrastructural development and mitosis in barley.【Method】 Effects of different concentrations of ZJ0273 applied at 4th leaf stage on acetolactate synthase(ALS) activity,protein content,photosystem II quantum characteristics,SPAD,net photosynthesis(Pn) and 100 mg?L-1 ZJ0273 on the development of root-tip cell were analyzed by various physiological measurements and microscopy techniques.【Result】The inhibited effect of 100 mg?L-1 ZJ0273 treatment(also a recommended concentration used in the field) on the growth of barely seedlings was slight at first,but this treatment inhibited significantly the ALS activity,protein content,photosynthetic system of barley seedlings along with the prolongation of treatment durations.The results also showed that the volume and number of vacuoles as well as mitotic index in treated cells were decreased,while the number of microbodies was increased.Both of 500 and 1 000 mg?L-1 ZJ0273 treatments inhibited the physiological index of barley at different treatment times.【Conclusion】 Barley seedlings are sensitive to herbicide ZJ0273 at concentration of 100 mg?L-1at late stage and unsafe at 500 and 1000 mg?L-1.The inhibitive effect of ZJ0273 on photosystem II and the change of microbody in mitochondria might be related to the mechanism of this new herbicide.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30871652 31071698);; 教育部博士点基金(20090101110102)
【CateGory Index】: S451
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