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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 2012-20
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Research on Vegetation Response to Temperature and Precipitation in Loess Plateau

ZHANG Chong,REN Zhi-yuan,LI Xiao-yan(1College of Tourism and Environment,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi’an 71006;2School of History and Tourism,Shaanxi University of Technology,Hanzhong 723000,Shaanxi)  
【Objective】The vegetation response to temperature and precipitation in Loess Plateau was studied.【Method】EOF(Empirical Orthogonal Functions) and SVD(Singular Value Decomposition) were applied to analyze the temporal and spatial response characteristics of vegetation NDVI to the variation of temperature and precipitation,and to distinguish the spatio-temporal correlation between vegetation index and climate factors.【Result】The conditions for vegetation cover in southeast region of Loess Plateau were the best.More precipitation will be favourable to the vegetation cover,including the hydrological effect of Yellow River,but the temperature higher than one threshold value will be less good for plants in arid and semi-arid regions.Higher temperature made plants grow well where there is sufficient moisture in arid region.The vegetation cover has close relations to hydro-thermal condition in valley plain and basin valley.When there is this additional condition,the vegetation cover increases in hydro-thermal equilibrium region.There is a high level of correlation between vegetation cover and hydro-thermal condition,but more limiting factors.【Conclusion】The main limiting factors of temperature on the vegetation cover include land use,vegetation type,cropping system and landform.Loess Plateau is located in drought inland region,so precipitation has direct influence on vegetation cover.Plant growth depends on precipitation in desert zone and non-farming areas.The correlation between vegetation and precipitation is more complicated under irrigation conditions and so on in crop field.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41071057 41001388)
【CateGory Index】: S184
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