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《SCIENTIA AGRICUTURA SINICA》 1994-04
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THE EFFECT OF TRANSFORMING PLANOSOL BY USING SUBSOIL MIXED PLOUGH

Zhao Delin; Liu Feng;Jia Huibin; Hong Fuyu (Hejiang Agricultural Research Institute, the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Heilongjiang Province, Jiamusi 154007)  
The pot culture and the plot experiment tested for seven years and the experiment transformed Planosol by using subsoil mixed plongh for two years pointed out :The purpose of the machine designed was to keep ploughed layer and improve Aw horizon.The proportion of mixing B horizon and Aw horizon was 1:1 and 0.5:1 . The agronomic parameter was to plough upper layer for 20cm and mix low layer for 30-40cm. After the machine was used, the soil production was increased continuously, the rate of grain and soybean yields was 15.6% in the lst year and 11.4% in the 2nd year.The soil hardness of subsoil layer was reduced from 25kg/cm2 to 5-10kg/cm2; The water permeability of the subsoil was increased 1.7-7.3 times; the water storage capacity of the soil was increased, which meant that the soil could be able to resist drought and waterlogging effectively. The economic benefit of improving planosol by using the subsoiler was efficient and 187 thousand yuan(RENMINBI) per subsoiler could be earned in two years.
【Fund】: 国家科技攻关项目
【CateGory Index】: S156.99
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