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《SCIENTIA AGRICUTURA SINICA》 1996-05
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Studies on the Ecology of Spiders in Paddy Fields and Utilization of Spiders for Biological Control in China

Wang Hongquan Yan Hengmei Yang Haiming (Department of Biology, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410006)  
The species diversity, population composition, ecological distribution, and the conservation, utilization of paddy field spiders in China are reported in this paper. In terms of analysis from 1976 to 1991, there were in total 372 species of spiders, belonging to 109 genera of 22 families , found in paddy fields of China. Among them, spiders of branch trionycha was the most, spiders of branch dionycha was less, and spiders of cohort neocribellatae was the least in number, and 17 species were dominant. They were mainly distributed in rice growing areas of Central China and South China. The ecological analysis of spider population according to their fauna and distribution in geographic regions showed that paddy spiders distributed mainly in the main rice producing area and the boundary of east ocean of their fauna divisions, There were different distributive patterns for different spider population on paddy rice plants, and the distinction between different types of paddy spiders biocoenosis diversity were evident. It is obvious that the spiders natural resources were affluent, and the material condition for the conservation of paddy field spiders is good in China, and their conservatisn and utilization were valuable.
【Key Words】: Paddy field spider Population composition Ecological distribution Conservation and utilization
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S433.7
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