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《SCIENTIA AGRICULTURA SINICA》 1998-04
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Genetic Effects and Genotype×Environment Interactions for Appearance Quality Traits in Indica japonica Crosses of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Chen Jianguo Zhu Jun (Department of Agronomy,Zhejiang Agricultural University,Hangzhou 310029)  
Genetic studies were conducted on three appearance quality traits (kernel length, kernel width and length/width ratio) of indica japonica hybrid rice, using genetic models with genotype×environment interactions for seed traits. The results indicated that these traits were mainly controlled by direct additive and maternal additive effects, with maternal additive effect predominating. The variance components of direct dominant, maternal dominant and cytoplasmic effects were also significant or highly significant for some traits. Genotype×environment (GE) interactions expressed mainly as direct additive×environment, maternal additive×environment and maternal dominant×environment interaction. Direct and maternal heritabilities were highly significant for the three traits, and the latter was larger than the former. Dominant effects varied with different traits and cross types, and GE interaction could only influence the expression extents of dominant effects, without changing their directions. The potential values of parental lines for the improvement of rice quality were discussed in respect to predicted values of genetic effects.
【Fund】: 国家教委“跨世纪优秀人才”专项基金
【CateGory Index】: S511
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