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《Regional Geology of China》 2004-04
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Meteorological early warning of geo-hazards in Chinabased on raining forecast

LIU Chuanzheng, WEN Mingsheng, TANG Can(China Institute of Geo-environment monitoring, Beijing 100081, China)  
Based on the geo-environmental conditions and climate factors causing hazards, the mainland of China is divided into seven regions, twenty-eight early-warning subregions. According to the statistic analysis of the actual rainfall and raining process fifteen days before geo-hazards occurred at sites of occurrence of geo-hazards in the history, a criterion drawing curve for geo-hazard early warning is developed and a series of preliminary forecast-warning criterion diagrams of various subregions are constructed; in addition, warning criterion correction diagrams of some warning subregions are constructed according the existing data. On that basis, we are able to forecast the probability of geo-hazards induced by the raining process in the next day and the spatial extent and severity of the induced geo-hazards within half an hour after the rain forecast data and images issued by the China National Meteorological Center are received daily. Trial operations in 2003 show that geo-hazards early warning is feasible and practicable in scientific methodology and can make contribution to the mitigation of disasters in China′s mainland.
【Fund】: 国家地质调查计划地质灾害预警项目(0299212041)资助
【CateGory Index】: P694
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