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A Cultural Analysis of Corruption

MA QingYu(Department of Public Administration, National Institute of Administration, Beijing 100089)  
Besides visual angles of political system and human nature, through that of traditional culture to understand Chinas corruption is also a helpful method. The imperfection of system and that of human nature are common causes, and the cultural defect out of Chinese way of human relationships, which is called "informal rules" opposite to the governments formal regulations, is a specific factor leading to corruption. It becomes peoples practice without officials stimulation. It is long lasting although a bad habit. Nearly everyone knows how to do without being taught. It comes out of a long history of Chinas life style of family clan. It is the degree of fellowship and relatives rather than principles of regulations that becomes guides to peoples behavior. Its main purpose is to exchange private interests. It works well with the aids of relationships of kinship, schoolmates, and even town mates and lines of work. Its working means is to get personal goal through going "back door". Making power corrupted and formal regulations workless is its inevitable outcome.
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