A Cultural Analysis of Corruption
MA QingYu(Department of Public Administration, National Institute of Administration, Beijing 100089)
Besides visual angles of political system and human nature, through that of traditional culture to understand Chinas corruption is also a helpful method. The imperfection of system and that of human nature are common causes, and the cultural defect out of Chinese way of human relationships, which is called "informal rules" opposite to the governments formal regulations, is a specific factor leading to corruption. It becomes peoples practice without officials stimulation. It is long lasting although a bad habit. Nearly everyone knows how to do without being taught. It comes out of a long history of Chinas life style of family clan. It is the degree of fellowship and relatives rather than principles of regulations that becomes guides to peoples behavior. Its main purpose is to exchange private interests. It works well with the aids of relationships of kinship, schoolmates, and even town mates and lines of work. Its working means is to get personal goal through going "back door". Making power corrupted and formal regulations workless is its inevitable outcome.