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《STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF NATURAL SCIENCES》 1997-04
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GUI MAO YUAN LI(1742-1911) AND ISAAC NEWTON'S THEORY OF THE MOON'S MOTION

Lu Dalong(Institute for the History of Science, CAS, Beijing 100010)  
Li Xiang Kao Cheng Hou Bian (1742, Sequel to the Compendium of Observational and Computational Astronomy, and one of the Chinese astronomical theories and Chinese calendars) was derived from Isaac Newton's theory of the Moon's motion.In the first half of the 18th century, Isaac Newton's original masterworks, especially the authoritative Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1726, 3rd Latin edition), together with contemporary commentaries, among which are David Gregory's Astronomiae Physicae et Geometricae Elementa (1726, 2nd Latin edition), William Whiston's Praelectiones Astronomicae (1707, 1st Latin edition), and two volumes of John Harris' Lexicon Technicum (the former in the 3rd edition of 1716, the latter in the 1st edition of 1710), were brought into China.From 1736 to 1742, in order to compile a new Chinese calendar, Roman Catholic missionaries Ignatius Koegler (1680-11746) and Andre Pereira (1692-1743) cooperated with many Chinese astronomers, and turned out Li Xiang Kao Cheng Hou Bian.Gui Mao Yuan Li (one of the Chinese calendars), as an appendix to Li Xiang Kao Cheng Hou Bian, had been put to use from 1742 to 1911, and was probably made with reference to the astronomical solar tables and lunar tables in William Whiston's Praelectiones Astronomicae. More importantly, Ignatius Koegler and Andre Pereira had directly introduced Newton'sbasic concepts and calculus methods, which were relative to the seven inequalities and perturbations of the Moon's motion in Newton's Principia (1726), into Li Xiang Kao Cheng Hou Bian, without distinct expression of Newton's theory of universal gravitation which was in contradiction to missionary's doctrine.
【CateGory Index】: P1-09
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
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【Co-citations】
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1 ZHANG Li (Center for Social Studies of Science, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China);On the Spirit of Practical Learning of Ruanyuan's Scientific Thought[J];Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences);2002-03
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【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 NING Xiao-yu(The Institute for the History of Natural Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100010,China);Study on the Sun,Moon and Five Planets Motion Model in "Xiao'an Xinfa"[J];Journal of Guangxi University for Nationalities(Natural Science Edition);2006-04
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8 Chen Jiujin;THE CALCULATION OF POSITIONS OF THE SUN AND THE MOON AND GEOMETRIC MODELS OF THEIR MOTION IN HUI CALENDAR[J];Studies in the History of Natural Sciences;1989-03
9 Chen Meidong (Institute for History of Science. CAS. Beljing 100010);ANCIENT INDIAN THEORY OF EARTH-WHEEL, WATER-WHEEL, WIND-WHEEL AND EMPTY-WHEEL IN CHINA[J];STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF NATURAL SCIENCES;1998-04
10 NING Xiaoyu (Institute for the History of Science, CAS, Beijing 100010, China);The Constant System of Xiao'an Xinfa[J];Studies In The History of Natural Sciences;2001-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 YAO Chuan-sen (Beijing Planetarium,Beijing 100044,China );Astronomy Activities of the Qing Dynasty Qintianjian[J];Journal of Guangxi University For Nationalities(Natural Science Edition);2004-01
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