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《Studies In The History of Natural Sciences》 2002-03
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The Spirit of Self-dependence and the Appropriation of Western Science: The Transition in Chinese Literati's Attitude Toward Western Science and Its Social Context(ca.1700—1760)

HAN Qi(Institute for the History of Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100010,China)  
The transition in the attitude of Chinese scholars toward Western science between early Qing and the mid-Qianlong period is a rather complex problem.This paper tries to extend methods from social and cultural studies to explain how European sciences were accepted in the 18th centuty by Chinese literati who simultaneously defended their traditional sciences.Using both Chinese and Western sources,the paper explores why Kangxi emperor's attitude toward European science changed from trust to doubt around 1711,and why Kangxi and his third son Yinzhi strove to become independent of Jesuit control in matters of celendrical reform.By analysing the conflict between Christian astronomers and non-Christian literati,it explains why He Guozong (?—1763)and Mei Juecheng (1681—1763),both non-Christian scholars,were selected as the main editors of the Lüli Yuanyuan and how Chinese court mathematicians significantly influenced the attitude toward Western science in the latter part of the Qianlong reign.
【CateGory Index】: N092
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