Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Studies In The History of Natural Sciences》 2003-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Research on the Chi System of Records of Historical Astronomical Phenomena

WANG Yumin (Institute for the History of Science, CAS, Beijing 100010, China)  
The records of historical astronomical phenomena using "zhang, chi, cun" and the records of "big as a peach" belong to one kind of systematic measurement. They might be called "Chi System"in the records of historical astronomical phenomena by a jojnt name. There was a model of celestial sphere when the ancients observed the sky with the naked eye. According to this model of sphere and to the Conversion standard oflchi = l degree, the author has gained the geometric meaning of the records of "zhang , chi, cun", and quantified the records of "big as X" to the apparent diameter and magnitude. Finally, the author inte- grates the "big as X" records with the "chi, cun" records by the model of celestial sphere.Through the analysis of the origin of the Chi System, the author has also obtained that the semi-diameter of the celestial sphere is about 13 meters. This paper has proved the existence of this celestial sphere in many aspects, for example, psychological behavior factor, the radius of planetarium an utical "qian xing method".As people always regard the vault of heaven as a plane hemisphere, they have the common effect of false impression in their minds when they observe the sky with the naked eyes. In fact the ancient observational data contained some systematic errors. Under different illumination and weather, the vault of heaven has various plane degrees. Here we can define "the angle of apparent plane degrees" to quantify them now.In order to correct the errors, the author has calculated a series of reduction tables, and we can use these tables to change the apparent height or size to the true height or size.The purpose of the paper is to provide more quantification basis for ancient records of astronomical phenomena just as stars and planets invasion, (super) novae, comets, meteors, sunspots and certain queer celestial phenomena.
【CateGory Index】: P1-092
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 7 Hits
1 WANG Yu-min(Beijing Planetarium,Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing 100044,China);A New Research on an Ancient Map of the Jiangjun Cliff Rock Arts——Also on the meaning of Celestial Phenomena of the Junshan Rock Arts in Yueyang City[J];广西民族大学学报(自然科学版);2009-S2
2 WANG Yumin(Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing Planetarium,Beijing 100005,China);The Records of "Er" in Chinese Annals Are Not Solar Prominences[J];自然科学史研究;2008-04
3 NIU Wei-xing(Department of the History and Philosophy of Science,Shanghai Jiaotong University,Shanghai 200030,China);Exceeding the Predecessor, Bridging the Successor——Academician Xi’s Explorations in the History of Science[J];邯郸学院学报;2008-01
4 NIU Weixing(Department of the History and Philosophy of Science, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China);From Ancient China to Modern West:The Explorations of Academician Xi Zezong in the History of Science[J];中国科技史杂志;2007-03
5 WANG Yumin(Beijing Planetarium,Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing 100005,China);A New Research on an Ancient Map of the Jiangjun Cliff Rock Paintings—Also on the Meaning of Celestial Phenomena of the Junshan Rock Paintings in Yueyang City[J];自然科学史研究;2007-01
6 WANG Yu-Min (Beijing Planetarium, Beijing 100044);Quantization on Brightness about Meteors in Chinese Ancient Recordings[J];天文学报;2003-04
7 WANG Yumin (Beijing Planetarium, Beijing 100044, China);Quantification and Reduction About Records of Sunspots in Annals[J];自然科学史研究;2003-04
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Wang Qian(Shenyang Normal College, Shenyang 110032);ESSENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF QU XIANG BI LEI IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE SCIENCE[J];自然科学史研究;1997-04
2 Liu Ci-yuan (Shaanxi Observatory, Academia Sinica);A RESEARCH ON THE IMPLICATION OF "ZHANG, CHI, CUN" IN ANCIENT CHINESE ASTRONOMICAL RECORDS[J];天文学报;1987-04
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Zong-ming;TCM Culture Research Center,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine;;On the Structure and Function of TCM Culture Gene[J];自然辩证法研究;2015-12
2 Shi Yong;Liu Yu Hong;College of Foreign Language,Nanjing Normal University;;Study of Five- Agent- based Multiple Metaphorical System——A Comprehensive Survey on Huang Di Nei Jing[J];重庆师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2015-03
3 YAO Chunpeng;Qufu Normal University;;The Basic Characteristics of Xiang Thinking[J];中医杂志;2014-18
4 LIU Ci-yuan;MA Li-ping;National Time Service Center,Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Statistical Analysis on the Astronomical Records of the Southern and Northern Dynasties[J];西北大学学报(自然科学版);2013-05
5 CHEN Dao-shan;Henan Institute of Animal Industry&Economics;;Shangqiu Ancient City:A Well-ArrangedTortoise-Shaped City[J];电子科技大学学报( 社科版);2013-04
6 HU Xing-dong;Reference,Typification and Analogy: A Study on Formation of Judicial Thinking Logic in Ancient China[J];北方法学;2011-06
7 LI Yong(National Astronomical Observatories,CAS,Beijing 100012,China);Research on 34 Ancient Chinese Timing Records of Lunar Occultations of the Planets[J];自然科学史研究;2007-04
8 NIU Weixing (Department of History of Science and Philosophy of Science, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China);On Gao Pingzi's Astronomical-Calendrical Study[J];自然科学史研究;2006-02
9 LI Dan (Xinzhou Teachers University,Xinzhou 034000,China;Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China);Thinking on Bringing Forth New Ideas in Knowledge and in Culture in China[J];忻州师范学院学报;2004-03
10 WANG Qian ( School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China );Several theoretical problems about The Research on History of Science Thought in China[J];大连理工大学学报(社会科学版);2003-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 7 Hits
1 NIU Weixing (Department of History of Science and Philosophy of Science, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China);On Gao Pingzi's Astronomical-Calendrical Study[J];自然科学史研究;2006-02
2 WANG Yu-Min (Beijing Planetarium, Beijing 100044);Quantization on Brightness about Meteors in Chinese Ancient Recordings[J];天文学报;2003-04
3 WANG Yumin (Institute for the History of Science, CAS, Beijing 100010, China);Research on the Chi System of Records of Historical Astronomical Phenomena[J];自然科学史研究;2003-01
4 Deng Wenkuan;Some Notes on Two Buddhist Astrological Documents from Dunhuang[J];文物;2000-01
5 $$$$;ON THE CATALOGUES OF TWENTY-EIGHT LUNAR MANSIONSAND "SHI'S" ASTERISMS IN THE ASTRONOMICAL BOOKS OF THE TANG PERIOD[J];自然科学史研究;1998-02
6 XI ZE-ZONG BO SHU-REN(Institute of History of Science Academia Sinica);ANCIENT NOVAE AND SUPERNOVAE RECORDED IN CHINESE, KOREAN AND JAPANESE ANNALS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN RADIOASTRONOMY[J];天文学报;1965-01
7 HSI TZE-TSUNG (Commission of the History of Chinese Natural Sciences, Academia Sinica);A NEW CATALOGUE OF ANCIENT NOVAE[J];天文学报;1955-02
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 WANG Yumin(Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing Planetarium,Beijing 100005,China);Research on Records of the Brightness of Stars and Its Variations in Ancient China[J];自然科学史研究;2009-04
2 WANG Yu-min(Beijing Planetarium,Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing 100044,China);A New Research on an Ancient Map of the Jiangjun Cliff Rock Arts——Also on the meaning of Celestial Phenomena of the Junshan Rock Arts in Yueyang City[J];广西民族大学学报(自然科学版);2009-S2
3 WANG Yumin(Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing Planetarium,Beijing 100005,China);"Double Status" of Terms in the History of Science and Technology:A Case Study in the History of Astronomy as An Example[J];中国科技史杂志;2009-01
4 WANG Yumin(Beijing Planetarium,Beijing Ancient Observatory,Beijing 100005,China);A New Research on an Ancient Map of the Jiangjun Cliff Rock Paintings—Also on the Meaning of Celestial Phenomena of the Junshan Rock Paintings in Yueyang City[J];自然科学史研究;2007-01
5 WANG Yu-min(Ancient Observatory of Beijing Planetarium,Beijing,100005,China);ZHU Wen-xin's Research on Records of Astronomical Phenomena in Ancient China[J];广西民族大学学报(自然科学版);2006-04
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Wu Shouxian Liu Ciyuan (Shaanxi Astronomical Obseratory, Academia Sinica);The Progress on the Research of the Secular Variation of the Earth's Rotation by the Ancient Eclipses Records[J];天文学进展;1987-02
2 T. KIANG(Dunsink Observatory, Dublin, Ireland)(Received 1980, May, 19);ON THE DATE USED IN CHINESE HISTORICAL ANNALS WHEN RECORDING OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING THE LATTER HALF OF THE NIGHT[J];天文学报;1980-04
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved