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《Studies in the History of Natural Sciences》 2011-01
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Science,Knowledge and Power:Observations of the Shadows of the Sun and the Kangxi Emperor's Role in the Calendrical Reform

Han Qi(Institute for the History of Natural Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100190,China)  
Greatly impressed by the conflict between Yang Guangxian(1597—1669) and the Jesuit missionaries in the 1660's,the Kangxi emperor began to learn Western science.He not only learned mathematical sciences diligently in his spare time but also used it as a tool to control people.As an alien knowledge system,European science played a significant role in his political life.Based on two observations of the sun's shadows in 1668 and 1692,this paper tries to explain the reason why the Kangxi emperor began to learn Western science and how he showed off his ability in front of the Han Chinese officials using newly acquired scientific knowledge.Relying on Chinese,Manchu and European sources,this paper will give a detailed description of the observation of the sun's shadow at summer solstice in 1711 in its social context.This will help to explain why the Kangxi emperor used science as a tool to control European Jesuits and launched the calendrical reform in 1713.
【CateGory Index】: K249
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 HAN Qi(Institute for the History of Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100010,China);The Spirit of Self-dependence and the Appropriation of Western Science: The Transition in Chinese Literati's Attitude Toward Western Science and Its Social Context(ca.1700—1760)[J];Studies In The History of Natural Sciences;2002-03
2 HAN Qi (Institute for the History of Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100010, China) Catherine JAMI (CNRS, France);The Circulation of Western Mathematics at the Court during the Kangxi Period ——A Case Study of the Compilation of the Suanfa Zuanyao Zonggang by Antoine Thomas[J];Studies In The History of Natural Sciences;2003-02
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