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《Studies in the History of Natural Sciences》 2018-03
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The Thought and Practice of Self-Strengthening Movement Official Dong Yuqi's "Yong Xia Bian Yi": Focusing on His Shipbuilding Activities and Understanding of Western Mathematics

DENG Liang;JIA Hao;Institute for History of Science and Technology & Ancient Texts, Tsinghua University;National Museum of China Library;  
As one of the members of the Self-Strengthening Movement in the late Qing Dynasty,Dong Yuqi had a fundamental understanding of Western science and technology, though also had a strong tendency to respect traditional Chinese culture. This article outlines his life story, and sketches out the building process of his "Moving-Vapour Paddle-steamer". Analysis of its structural sections indicates that the ship must have been driven by human power, and that it was moved by a mechanical transmission system including gears, belts and other devices, rather than by steam or air.Moreover, this article summarizes Dong Yuqi's mathematical works, analyzing his Suanxue Pixi Chongzheng Shuo, pointing out that with his knowledge of Western mathematics,he could partly combine Chinese and Western mathematical theories. Meanwhile, contradictions in his understanding are pointed out, revealing his tendency to stick to traditional Chinese mathematical thinking. His standpoint of "Yong Xia Bian Yi", which means adapting what is foreign to Chinese civilization, was reflected in his manufacturing of ships and his mathematical activities.
【CateGory Index】: U671-09;K256.1
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【Citations】
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【Co-citations】
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1 ZHANG Zhao-xin;Department of Social Science,Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;;Research on Mei Jue-cheng's Thoughts of Western Learning[J];安徽广播电视大学学报;2015-02
2 Chen Zhihui;Institute for the History of Science and Techonology,Inner Mongolia Normal University;;The Permeation of Astronomical Calculation into the Civil Examinations in the Qianlong and Jiaqing Periods[J];清史研究;2014-03
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