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《Journal of Natural Disasters》 2012-04
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Effects of low temperature stresses on photosynthetic characteristics and activity of antioxidant enzymes of tomatoes

YANG Zaiqiang1,2,ZHANG Bo1,ZHANG Jibo1,PENG Xiaodan1,ZHANG Tinghua1,ZHANG Jing1(1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Agricultural Meteorology,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044,China; 2.College of Applied Meteorology,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044,China)  
Based on the responses of tomatoes to low temperatures,artificial control tests were designed to study the effects of low temperature stresses(5℃,7℃,9℃,11℃)on photosynthetic pigment content,maximum photosynthetic rate,chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and activity of antioxidant enzymes,to provide a basis for the determination of meteorological indices of damage to tomatoes caused by low temperatures.Results show that: chlorophyll a,Chla/Chlb and maximum photosynthetic rate all get some level of reduction,while chlorophyll b and carotenoids content get some level of increase.The maximum photosynthetic rate of tomatoes is negative after processing up to 3 days at 5 ℃ and up to 4 days' at 7 ℃,and it does not have significant rise after recovering 5 days under 25 ℃;while the maximum photosynthetic rate decreased with the increase of processing days at 9 ℃,11 ℃,and it could basically recover to normal level after 5 days' processing.Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters analysis shows that,low temperature stresses reduce the original light conversion efficiency of the PSII and its potential activity,and F-v/F-m,qP,ETR of tomatoes all decrease significantly,and F-v/F-m,qP,ETR vary with processing temperatures and times.Different low temperature stresses all make the activity of SOD,POD and CAT,MDA increase some degree,and the lower the temperature is,and the longer the processing time is,the greater the activity level rise.Therefore,processing up to 3 days at 5 ℃ or processing up to 4 days at 7 ℃ is the critical index of serious chilling injury happening.The study results could provide a reference to the defense of low temperature disasters of crops and the warning of meteorological disasters.
【Fund】: 公益(气象)行业科研专项(GYHY201206024);公益(气象)行业科研专项(GYHY201006028);; 江苏省科技支撑项目(社会发展)(BE2010734);; 江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(PAPD)
【CateGory Index】: S641.2
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