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《Journal of Natural Resources》 2001-06
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Analysis on the water supply capacity of the Yellow River Drainage Basin

JIA Shao-feng,ZHANG Shi-feng (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China)  
Yellow River is one of the rivers with scarce water resources.There are a few impor-tant research results about the water supply capacity in2010,but the estimated amount of water supply differs greatly.The highest is69.2billion m 3 while the lowest,58billion m 3 .Furthermore,the substantial drop of the natural runoff occurred in the1990s.As a result,the runoff amount in a mean hydrological year is11billion m 3 less than that of the his toric mean year level.Therefore it is very urgent to make it clear that how much the water supply would be in the2010in the Yellow River since it concerns the sustainable utilization strategy of water resource in the Yellow River drainage basin.The research result of this paper shows that the water supply in2010is only55~56billion m 3 in a mean hydrological year,among which surface runoff accounts for39~40billion m 3 and groundwater takes another16billion m 3 .This result is2~3billion m 3 less than the58billion m 3 ,which is the least figure of the aforementioned results,and is20%,or14bil-lion m 3 less than the largest69.2billion m 3 .This poses an even more serious question to the wa-ter demand-supply balance strategy.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础发展规划项目(G1999043601、G1999043602);; 中国科学院重点研究项目(区域Ⅵ-9903)资助。
【CateGory Index】: TV211
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