Spatio-temporal distribution of land use in relation to topography in a gully catchment of the Loess Plateau,China
QIU Yang 1,2 ,FU Bo-jie 1 ,WANG Jun 3 ,CHEN Li-ding 1(1.Department of Systems Ecology,Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences,CAS,Beijing100085,China;2.Department of Resources and Environmental Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing100875,China;3.Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center,Ministry of Land and Resources,Beijing100035,China)
The spatio-temporal distribution of land use and its relation to several terrain indices were studied in Da nangou Catchment (3.5km 2 )on the Loess Plateau,China.The previous land use map was interpreted from an aerial photo in1975(LU75)and the present land use map was compiled based on the field survey in1998(LU98).The future land-use maps were made based on three land-use scenarios in which cropland areas are restricted to slope gradients smaller than25(FA25),20(FA20)and15degree s(FA15).The25and20-degree limit scenario can be seen as short-term(before2005)and intermediate(2005～2010)scenarios,and the15-degree limit scenario can be seen as long-term scenario(after2010).A temporal sequence of land use dy-namics in the catchment consists of these five land-use maps.Two stages were recognized based on the comparison analysis on these five maps.In the first stage from LU75,LU98to FA25,the area of the wood/shrub land increases while those of the wasteland,fallow land and cropland decrease,and the orchard/cash-tree land remains the same.During the second stage consisting of the FA25,FA20and FA15,there is a gradual decrease in the cropland and fallow land and a gradual increase in the orchard/cash-tree land;the other land-use types remain the same.Conse- quently,it is found that the topographic distribution pattern of each land use type also displays the corresponding change based on the statistical analysis on the relationships between the land use type and several terrain indices.During the first stage,the wood/shrub land changes from eastwards or northward s to westwards or southwards,from the profile - concave - slope to the profile - convex - slope,from the plan-convex-slope to the concave - slope,increases in the slope gra di ent in the relative elevation.The wasteland also increases in the slope gradient,but shows opposite changes in the slope aspect,surface curvature and relative elevation as the wood/shrub land.The fallow land and cropland keep the same condition in the slope aspect,but show a stable de-creasing trend in the profile-convex-degree,plan-concave-degree,slope gradient and relative el-evation.The orchard/cash-tree land also remain s the same aspect,but shows opposite change in the surface curvature and the slope gradient,and displays a decreasing-then-increasing trend in the relative elevation.During the second stage,the wood/shrub land and the wasteland re main the same in topography.However,the cropland and the fallow land change from the eastwards or northwards to the westwards or southwards,and gradually decrease in the profile-convex-degree,plan-concave-degree,slope gradient and relative elevation.The orchard/cash tree land also de-creases in the slope gradient,while exhibits an opposite change in the other topographical in-dices as comparing to the cropland and the fallow land.In a word,it is indicated that the land use pattern of this catchment is getting more sound in the sustainable land use during the recent decades,and especially the three land-use scenarios have advantages in ecology,economy and society.
【Fund】： 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划项目(90102018);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40201003)。
【CateGory Index】： F301.24
【CateGory Index】： F301.24