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《Resources Science》 2006-02
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Relative Carrying Capacity of Water Resources in Karst Region of Guiyang Province

ZHOU Liang-guang,LIANG Hong(School of Geography and Biology,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang 550001,China)  
Karst region is featured with special hydrologic and topographic structure and heavy water leakage,which make the water resources exploitation and utilization more complicated than non-Karst region.In China,the land area of Karst region covers about 13% of the total in the country.It is mainly distributed in Guizhou,Guangxi,Yunnan,Sichuan and Hunan provinces and so on.Guizhou is the core region of Karst in Southwest China.Its karst area is 13×10~4km~2,occupying 73% of land area of the province,and 95% counties and cities are covered by Karst. Taking Guizhou province as an example,this paper evaluates carrying capacity of water resources in the province and makes a comparison with Hubei province and whole country.It is concluded that influenced by karst,the water resource carrying capacity of Guizhou province is not high although annual average precipitation in the province is about(1 179)mm.As far as the water resources amount is concerned,the theoretical carrying capacity of population and the GDP in Guizhou province,Compared with the whole country and Hubei province,is much more higher than its current population and GDP.However,taking into account water use efficiency,the population that Guizhou province can carry is far lower than its realistic population while the GDP that Guizhou province can carry is far higher than its current level of GDP.Generally,under the condition of the same water resources amount,the water resource carrying capacity in karst area is lower than non-karst area.The GDP that karst area can carry is higher than its realistic level of GDP.Within a certain time periods,the water resource carrying capacity in karst area will have larger development potential than non-karst area.
【Fund】: 贵州省优秀青年科技人才培养计划资助项目[黔科合人字(2003)0315];; 贵州省优秀科技教育人才省长专项资金项目[黔科教办(2003)04]
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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