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《Resources Science》 2009-01
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Ecological Capacity of a Traditional Agricultural Area based on Ecological Footprint:A Case Study of Qingtian County,Zhejiang Province

JIAO Wenjun~(1,2) MIN Qingwen~1 CHENG Shengkui~1 ZHANG Dan~(1,2) (1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China; 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
Qingtian County in Zhejiang Province has a long history of raising fish in rice paddies and has been maintaining this traditional rice-fish system,which is an example of both traditional ecological agriculture and distinctive cultural heritage,so it was selected by FAO as a pilot site for the rice-fish agricultural heritage system in 2005.The research presented in this article uses ecological footprint and biocapacity as indicators to monitor environmental conditions and analyse the ecological capacity of Qingtian County in 2003,aiming to provide a scientific foundation for the protection of this agricultural heritage site as well as valuable experience for the development of modern agricultural areas.Among the notable results was that,as opposed to zhejiang province China,the world and other agricultural regions,Qingtian County is characterised by a nearly breakeven total ecological balance,meaning that almost the entire local demand for natural resources can be supplied locally.Specifically,the biocapacity per capita of Qingtian County was 0.6898 ha,with cropland and forest comprising almost 93%of the total,while fishing grounds and grazing land contributing very little.Biocapacity per capita of Qingtian County is much lower than that of China and the world,totalling 86.2%of the national average and 38.8%of the global average,but it was not far off the provincial average.Qingtian County,as a typical traditional agricultural area,had a moderate biocapacity which did not differ greatly from that of other intensive agricultural areas in China.Qingtian County,although its biocapacity was not high enough,could better maintain an ecological balance than other agricultural areas due to its low ecological footprint per capita,which was only 0.6952 ha.
【Fund】: 国际合作项目:“稻鱼共生全球重要农业文化遗产保护与利用”;; 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程重大项目预研究项目:“稻鱼共生系统的保护与适应性管理”;; 农业部国际交流合作专项:“稻鱼共生农业文化遗产保护示范与推广”。
【CateGory Index】: S181
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