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《Journal of Fishery Sciences of China》 2007-05
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Comparative studies on histopathological features of lymphocystis disease in four species of marine fish

SHENG Xiu-zhen1,XING Jing,ZHAN Wen-bin1,WANG Yun-zhong2(1.Key Laboratory of Mariculture,Ministry of Education,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266003,China;2.Qingdao Aquarium,Qingdao 266003,China)  
Lymphocystis disease has a worldwide distribution and has infected over 125 species of fish belonging to 42 families including feral,cultured and ornamental fish,which is characterized by the white nodules mainly occurring on the fish fins and skin,decreasing the commercial values of the fish.In China,lymphocystis disease has resulted in a great economic loss since the primary large scale outbroke in 1997,and become the factors restricting aquaculture development.In this study,Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus,sting fish Sebastes schlegeli,common sea bass Lateolabrax japonicus and whitespotted puffer Arothron hispidus suffering from lymphocystis disease were obtained from Shandong,Hebei and Zhejiang Provinces.Histopathological comparative observation of lymphocystis nodules in four species of marine fish were carried out by light and electron microscopy,and histochemical methods.The results showed that the histological features of lymphocystis in the same species from different areas had no obvious difference;lymphocystis cells from different fish species contained the following common characteristics:the hypertrophied cells,the irregular nucleus,basophilic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies positively stained in Feulgen and Mann's reaction,the hyaline capsule stained PAS-positive outside the cell membrane,the virus particles(200-220nm in diameter) in the cytoplasm which matured in the sites of inclusion bodies,and electron-dense substances in the perinuclear cisterna.However,different histopathological features presented in different fish species,including the sizes of lymphocystis cells,irregular degree of the nucleus,the shape of inclusion bodies,the distributing state of the virus particles in the cytoplasm,as well as the appearance of the lymphocystis nodules,etc.Though the structural differences existed,the common histopathological features were considered as the reliable and effective proofs to diagnose the lymphocystis disease.
【Key Words】: Paralichthys olivaceus Sebastes schlegeli Lateolabrax japonicus Arothron hispidus lymphocystis disease histopathology
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30271016);; 国家863计划项目资助(2006AA100306)
【CateGory Index】: S941
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