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《Social Sciences In China》 2003-06
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Migration in China:Scale Estimate and Intensity Analysis

Yang Yunyan  
Migration serves as a major indicator for population mobility and the degree of activeness of a society. However, there are obvious gaps between statistical data of resident registration ( hukou ) changes, census data on migration and the actual scale of migration in China. We try to create a uniform data series for migration since the 1950s by means of both hukou registration information and census data. Time-series data on China's migration scale and intensity since the 1950s, obtained from econometrics that estimates underreport rate and from linear fitting model, reveals two features: low migration levels in the planned economy era that coincide with the policies to control urbanization and low mobility levels in socialist countries; and the rapid growth of activity of population since the reform, when the intensity of migration rises to the highest level in the past 5 decades and approximates the lower end in developed countries in the 1980s.
【Fund】: 国务院人口普查资料分析重点课题“人口迁移、劳动力流动和人力资本转移”的成果之一
【CateGory Index】: C922
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