Classification and treatment of temporomandibular joint ankylosis
ZHOU Qing. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,School of Stomatology,China Medical University,Shenyang 110002 , China
TMJ ankylosis is severe and may be classified according to the site , type of tissue involved and the degree of fusion. The surgical treatment following the functional training is the best option for this condition. Its surgical treatment involves three aspects : to remove the anatomic factors of ankylosis , to restore or rebuilt the structure of TMJ , and to remedy secondary deformities. A number of various techniques have been described for the treatment of this condition in the literature , and some of them will be introduced below.