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《Journal of Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences》 2017-05
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The Ecological Ontological Significance of Buddhist Pawiccasamuppqda

Chen Hongbing;Qin Keyin;  
Buddhist Pawiccasamuppqda is essentially a kind of ontology,which has grown into a variety of forms in the process of its historical development.When discussing the ecological ontological significance of Buddhist Pawiccasamuppqda,we need to analyze these different historical forms concretely.From the perspective of ontology,the different forms of Buddhist Pawiccasamuppqda can be generally divided into three types:the origination of living circumstances,the dependent origination(pratītya-samutpāda)of dharmas,and the holism of dependent origination.The Twelve-linked Causal Formula and Alaya-consciousness Pawiccasamuppqda focus on the origin of living circumstances.The ideas in these two theories about the source and the process of one's living circumstances,as well as the effects of transforming the mode of thinking and values in the purification of the world,have enlightening significance in reflecting the roots and the generation process of the ecological crisis and realizing the ecological subsistence.The dependent origination characteristic of dharmas,which the thought of Dependent Origination and Emptiness has revealed,is consistent with the relation theory of contemporary ecological ontology.Its criticism of the concept of "an immutable entity being existing",has great significance to the critical reflection on the world view of modern ontology.The thoughts in the holism of dependent origination which is included in both the Tiantai Sect's concept of "one idea means three thousand worlds" and the Hua-yen School's dharmadhatu Pawiccasamuppqda,are very important to the understanding the inner relation between people and all things in the world,between things and things and between things and the environment as a whole.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目“佛教与生态文明建设”(10BZJ008);国家社科基金重大项目“中国生态哲学思想史”(14ZDB005)的阶段性研究成果
【CateGory Index】: B948
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