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《Journal of Sun Yat-Sen University(Medical Sciences)》 2009-S3
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Relationship between Clinical Characteristics and Pathogenic of 203 Children Diarrhea Cases

CHEN Cai-feng,LIU Xiao-ping,HUANG Bai-zhi,ZHOU Yong (Dongguan Taiping Hospital,Dongguan 523900,China)  
[Objective]To investigate the relation between the clinical characteristics and pathogenic of 203 children diarrhea cases.[Method]Carry out a retrospective research on 203 hospitalized children diarrhea cases in our hospital from 1~(st) January,2006 to 31~(st) December,2007.[Results]1.92%of the cases were under 3 years old,particularly 84%of the cases were under 2 years old.And the cases of boys were more than girls(1.8:1).The attacking seasons were different when the pathogens were different.The incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis was higher in the winter from October to December(taking up 66%), following by spring form January to March(taking up 13%).The incidence of infectious diarrhea was higher in spring and autumn,which took up 31%and 41%,respectively.However the incidence of non-infectious diarrhea was higher in winter and spring,which took up 38%and 35%,respectively.3.It was the relations between the clinical characteristics and pathogenic.The main clinical symptoms of rotavirus gastroenteritis are having dilute-water stool or egg-pattern stool(87%),following by fever(74%) and vomiting(55%).And those of infectious diarrhea are pulpy and mucus stool,67%and 83%respectively.And fever and vomiting are rare.And those of non-infectious diarrhea are dilute-water stool or egg-pattern stool(69%) following by fever(54%) and vomiting(42%).4.Pathogen detection;119 cases were positive in 170 rotavirus detection samples,and the positive rate was 70%.However,only 5%stool samples were positive when having the bacterial cultures.[Conclusion]The children under 3 years old,particularly under 2 years old suffer a higher incidence of children diarrhea.Rotavirus is the main pathogen,which is most likely attacking in winter.Gastroenteritis from different pathogen has different clinical manifestations.
【CateGory Index】: R725.7
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