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《Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science》 2019-03
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Effect of different proportion whole plant corn diet on growth performance,oxidative stress index,and distribution and expression of ghrelin in jejunum of growingfattening pigs

SUN Jing;YANG Zai-bin;WU Xiao-jing;LI Si-meng;LIU Ting-jun;YANG Wei-ren;LI Hui-rong;LI Xiang-miang;JIANG Shu-zhen;College of Animal Science and Technology,Shandong Agricultural University;Shandong Provincial Feed Quality Inspection Station;  
Under the background of national policy of "grain changed into feed",the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different proportion whole plant corn diet on growth performance,serum and liver oxidative stress index,and distribution and expression of ghrelin in jejunum of growing-fattening pigs.A total of 32 growing-fattening pigs(Duroc×Landrace×Large White) were allocated into 4 treatments with 8 replicates according to ages and average body weight(33.16±3.49)kg,and were fed individually in a metabolic cage for 98 days after 7 days adaptation.The control group(SC0)was fed basal diet.Dietary nutrition level was according to reference of NY/T65-2004 lean pig feeding standard.In the three test treatments for 20-60 kg growing pigs,the ratio of 20%(ESC20),30%(ESC30)and 40%(ESC40)fermented whole plant corn was used to replace the basal diet,respectively.The nutrient contents of the three test treatments diets were 98%,96%and 94%of the control,and the crude fiber(CF)levels of the four test treatments were 3.0%,3.5%,4.0%and 4.5%,respectively.In the three test treatments for 60-100 kg fattening pigs,the ratio of 40%(LSC40),50%(LSC50)and 60%(LSC60)fermented whole plant corn was used to replace the basal diet,respectively.The nutrient contents of the three test treatments diets were 97%,94%and 91%of the control,and the crude fiber(CF)levels of the four test treatments were 3.0%,4.0%,5.0% and 5.5%,respectively.There was no significant difference in the content of nutrients under dry matter basis among treatments(P0.05).It was indicated that with the increasing of whole plant corn ratio in the diet of growing-fattening pigs,final weight,average daily gain(ADG),serum ceruloplasmin(CER),immunoreactive integrated poptic density(IOD)and mRNA of ghrelin in jejunum decreased(P0.05)linearly,but the average daily feed intake(ADFI),average daily crude fiber intake(ADCFI),average daily dry feed intake(ADDFI)and feed gain ratio(F/G)increased(P0.05)linearly.Compared with the control,no significant effect on the growth performance,serum and liver oxidative stress index of ESC20/LSC40 and ESC30/LSC50 treatment was observed(P0.05).However,the final body weight,ADG,CER,IODand mRNA of ghrelin in jejunum of ESC40/LSC60 treatment were significantly decreased(P0.05).Fresh whole plant corn can be used in low nutrient level diet of growing-fattening pigs,and it can guarantee the production performance and improve the health status of pigs.The appropriate ratio of growing and fattening pigs was 20%-30% and 40%-50%,respectively.These results provide a theoretical basis on the implementation of national policy of"grain changing into feed"and the application of whole plant corn in the pig production.
【Fund】: 山东省现代农业产业技术体系生猪创新团队建设基金资助项目(SDAIT-08-04);; 山东省重点研发计划资助项目(2016GNC111018);; 山东省农业重大应用技术创新基金资助项目(201636);; “双一流”奖补资金资助
【CateGory Index】: S828.5
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