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《Journal of Plant Protection》 1999-04
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STUDIES ON MASS REARING OF ASIAN CORN BORER: DEVELOPMENT OF A SATISFACTORY NON AGAR SEMI-ARTIFICIAL DIET AND ITS USE

Song Yanying Zhou Darong He Kanglai (Institute of Plant Protection,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100094)  
Insect artificial mass rearing is an important aspect in modern insect control research. It is commonly accepted that agar, although expensive and need to be cooked while using,is an indispensable diet ingredient for rearing lepidopterous borers. In this paper,a Non-agar JSMD Diet (JSMD-diet,in short),based upon the formula of the New Diet No. 7 (ND-7, in short) reported by Zhou et al. for the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee), rearing, is reported. The major advantage and main difference of the JSMD-diet to ND-7 are that agar ingredient is totally substituted by a substance called JSMD. The rearing effect of JSMD-diet has been proved to be very promising. As compared with ND-7,JSMD-diet can reduce the preparation procedure from 6 steps to 3 steps and the cost of diet for ca 60%. There are no differences in survival and pupation rates. The criteria in sex ratio,weights of male and female pupae are all significantly better/higher than that of ND-7,respectively. The criterion in egg production rate does not reach the level of significant although it is much higher in JSMD diet. For an 11-year practice after developed,the largest scale of production is 600 thousands high quality pupae at one time,and the largest amount of annual production is 200-thousand egg masses. Large amount of egg-masses, pupae and adults have been supplied to nearly 60 research institutes and universities for ACB research of multiple purposes, and thus making important contribution to ACB IPM, behavioral and bio-tech researches in China. JSMD-diet will soon be patented at a national level.
【CateGory Index】: S433.4
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