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《Journal of Plant Protection》 2005-01
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Progress of researches on induced resistance of plant activator

FAN Zhi-jin~(1,2) LIU Xiu-feng~1 LIU Feng-li~1 BAO Li-li~1 ZHANG Yong-gang~1 (1.Institute of Elemento Organic Chemistry,Nankai University,State Key Laboratory of Elemento Organic Chemistry,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China;2.Key Laboratory of Pesticide Chemistry & Application Technology of Ministry of Agriculture,Beijing 100094,China)  
Plant activator (also called elicitor) itself and its metabolites have no fungicide activity in vitro, but they can induce plant immunity system to produce systemic acquired resistance (SAR) against a wide spectrum of pathogens persistently.Apart from accumulation of lignin in cell wall by increase of hydroxyproline rich glucoproteins (HRGP) induced by elicitor,increase of endogenesis salicylic acid (SA),oxidative burst, hypersensitive response (HR) caused by programmed local cell death could also be observed in the elicited plants.The persistent SAR against a wide spectrum of pathogens only occurred after the changes of circum- stantial resistant enzymes and substances such as phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL),β-1,3-glucanase, chitinase,peroxidase(POX),lignin and phytoalexins et al.caused by a series of regulation of plant guard gene expression through pathogenesis resistance signaling pathways conducted by endogenesis signaling com- pounds SA,jasmonic acid(JA),ethylene(Et)and nitrogen oxide(NO).In this paper,the conception, characteristics,category and mechanism of the mode of action of plant activator were discussed.The prospects and directions of application and development of plant activator were mentioned.The possible problems and the corresponding methods for settlement were also being put forward.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30270883);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2003CB114400);; 农业部农药化学及农药使用技术重点开放实验室基金
【CateGory Index】: S432.2;S482.99
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