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《Acta Phytophylacica Sinica》 2009-03
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Chemical compositions and allelopathic potential of volatile oil from Sorghum halepense(L.) Pers

Meng Qinghui Huang Hongjuan Liu Yan Liu Xingang Wei Shouhui Zhang Chaoxian(Key Laboratory of Weed and Rodent Biology and Management,Institute of Plant Protection,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100193,China)  
The volatile oil was obtained with steam distillation from Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense(L.) Pers.leaves.The chemical components were analyzed by the means of GC and GC-MS,and its biological effects on crops,weeds and microbial populations were studied.Twenty-six chemicals,76.51% of total content,were isolated and identified from the volatile oil.The main component was sesquiterpenes,such as trans-α-berg-amotene(21.95%),α-patchoulene(10.77%),α-himachalene(4.66%),etc.Weed germination,crop shoot height and dry weight were significantly inhibited by the volatile oil.The volatile oil also significantly reduced the population of fungi and actinomycetes in the test soils,but significantly increased the population of bacteria in the soils.The results indicated that the volatile oil from Sorghum halepense demonstrated significant allelopathic potential on depressing surrounding plants and affecting microbial populations.
【Fund】: 国家“十一五”科技支撑重大项目(2006BAD08A09);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研专项资金(2008YW05)
【CateGory Index】: S451
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