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《Acta Phytophylacica Sinica》 2010-02
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Natural control of Aphelinus mali on Eriosoma lanigerum and the parasitoid’s overwintering protection measures

Zhou Hongxu1 Guo Jianying2 Wan Fanghao2 Yu Yi3(1.Institute for Biocontrol of Insect Pests, College of Agriculture and Plant Protection, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao266109, Shandong Province, China;2.State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing100193, China;3.Institute of Plant Protection, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan250100, Shandong Province, China)  
Aphelinus mali (Haldeman) is an important parasitoid of Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann). The natural control effect of A.mali on E.lanigerum in apple orchards in Laiyang, Shandong Province and overwintering eclosion rate of A.mali under different protective measures were studied. The results showed that two peaks of E.lanigerum occurred from late May to late July and from mid September to mid October. The parasitoid could control E.lanigerum to some extent in the whole year. Its natural parasitism rate reached the peak up to 50%-90% from early July to early September, while the control vacancy appeared in the period from April to May. In the chemically controlled apple orchard, the number and parasitism rate of A.mali decreased because of chemical pesticides. Overwintering eclosion rate was higher when some protective measures were taken, e.g. attaching grass around trunks or depositing the black "pupa" parasitized by A.mali indoors or on south slope of open field. This could increase the number of alive parasitoids after overwintering, thus enhance its control efficiency on E.lanigerum.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD08A18);; 山东省农业科学技术研究院自主创新基金项目(2007ycx030)
【CateGory Index】: S476.3
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【Citations】
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