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《Acta Phytophylacica Sinica》 2014-06
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Efficacy of multicolored Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis( Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) against green peach aphid Myzus persicae( Hemiptera: Aphididae) on vegetables under greenhouse conditions

Li Shu;Wang Su;Zhao Jing;Yang Liwen;Gao Xiwu;Zhang Fan;Institute of Plant and Environmental Protection,Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences;Department of Entomology,China Agricultural University;  
In order to evaluate the control ability and benefit of multicolored Asian beetle,Harmonia axyridis against green peach aphid,Myzus persicae,H. axyridis was released to control M. persicae in pimiento and eggplant greenhouses and biological insecticide was also applied as a control. The results showed that H. axyridis could suppress population density of M. persicae in the pimiento greenhouse. The colonization rate of H. axyridis was 64% at the peak of M. persicae population. In addition,the yield of pimiento and benefits by releasing H. axyridis were higher than those by applying biological insecticides.In eggplant greenhouses,releasing H. axyridis delayed the peak of aphids by one week. The population density of M. persicae was declined by 79% and the colonization rate of H. axyridis reached 86% when the number of released H. axyridis was increased. These results indicated that monitoring the population dynamics of natural enemies and pests in the entire stage could definitely facilitated the ratio of natural enemy and pest per week 15 days after planting. Releasing H. axyridis in the early two to three months could be cost-effective and sustainable in controlling M. persicae in vegetable greenhouses.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2013CB127605);; 北京市博士后基金;; 北京市农林科学院博士后基金
【CateGory Index】: S476.2;S433.89
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