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《Plant Protection》 2009-04
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Investigations on the occurrence and chemical control of Botryosphaeria canker of apple in China

Guo Liyun1,Li Jinyun1,Li Baohua2,Zhang Xinzhong3,Zhou Zengqiang4,Li Guangxu5,Wang Yingzi6,Li Xiaojun7,Huang Lili8,Sun Guangyu8,Wen Yaodong9(1.Department of Plant Pathology,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China; 2.Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao 266109,China; 3.Department of Fruit Sciences,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China; 4.Institute of Pomology,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Zhengzhou 450009,China; 5.Liaoning Institute of Fruit Sciences,Yingkou 115009,China; 6.Institute of Plant Protection,Yantai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Shandong 265500,China; 7.Shandong Institute of Pomology,Tai'an 271000,China;8.Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China; 9.Shaanxi Plant Protection Station,Xi'an 710003,China)  
During May to June in 2008,the occurrence and control status of Botryosphaeria canker of apple were investigated in 88 orchards located in major apple production areas in China.Results obtained showed that the incidence of this disease in general was about 77.6%.The older the tree,the more severe the disease.The incidences and the disease index were 56.7% and 37.0,78.7% and 53.8,91.5% and 70.8,and 100.0% and 95.3 for the trees at the age of 4-10,11-17,18-24,and 25-30 years,respectively.The occurrence of the disease varied among different regions.Comparatively,the occurrence of the disease was more severe in Shandong,Henan and Beijing than that in Shanxi and Shaanxi.No significant difference in occurrence of the disease was observed among the main cultivars.Among the chemicals used to prevent the apple canker,lime sulphur was the most popular one,followed by carbendazim.The banned asomate was still used in some orchards.
【Fund】: 公益性行业(农业)科研专项(nyhyzx07-055);; 苹果现代产业技术体系(2008-2012)
【CateGory Index】: S436.611.1
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