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《Plant Protection》 2013-05
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Research progress in apple diseases and problems in the disease management in China

Li Baohua;Wang Caixia;Dong Xiangli;College of Agronomy and Plant Protection,Qingdao Agricultural University,Key Lab of Integrated Crop Pest Management of Shandong Province;  
Apple is an important cash crop.In 2012,China's cultivation area has exceeded 2.0million hectares.In the high-yield and high-quality production of apple fruits,diseases are important factors restricting the development of industry.Valsa canker is still the first major disease on apple tree,and apple trees are now facing the 5th epidemic threat.Ring rot of branch increases year by year after the implementation of fruit bagging in apple cultivation,and the damage caused by the disease has exceeded that by Valsa canker in some orchards in old course of the Yellow River and around Bohai bay apple production area.Leaf brown spot is still causing serious defoliation on apple tree in the northwest loess plateau apple-producing area every year.With the greenizing of cities and roads,damage caused by rust increases year after year,which has become a disease requiring control each year in some orchards.Virus,with a trend of further expansion,is seriously threatening the newly built orchards.Black spot of bagged fruits is a new disease emerging from fruit bagging,causing approximately 5%-30% production loss every year.Glomerella leaf spot is a newly discovered disease,which is threatening the cultivation of‘Gala',‘Golden Delicious',‘Qinguan'and other varieties.Phytophthora rot,bitter rot,fruit mouldy core rot,alternaria leaf spot,powder mildew and monilinia rot occasionally break out and cannot be ignored in the apple production.This paper,from the perspective of disease management,reviewed the advances in the research of apple diseases in recent years,especially after the establishment of China Agricultural Research System,and analyzed the problems existing in disease management.
【Fund】: 现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-28);; “973”计划前期研究专项(2012CB126302);; 山东省泰山学者建设工程
【CateGory Index】: S436.611.1
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