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《Acta Phytopathologica Sinica》 1988-03
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CHANGES IN ACTIVITIES OF PEROXIDASE AND ESTERASE IN WHEAT HEADS INFECTED BY FUSARIUM GRAMINEARUM

Ye Huazhi Wu Guangqing(Sichuan Agricultural University,Ya-an,Sichuan)  
The heads of risistant cultivar (Sumai_3) and susceptible cultivar (Fan_6)were inoculated with conidia of F.graminearum at the late flowering stage.In the early infection stage (before symptom occurring),the peroxidase(PO) activity increased faster and higher in resistant Sumais than insusceptible Fan_6,but in the middle and late infection stages,the susceptiblecultivar showed much higher PO activity than the resistant cultivar.Thelarge increase in PO activity in the incompatible and compatible systemswas accompnied with the development of infection.No new bands ofisoperoxidase occurred in diseased heads of two cultivars.The activies ofisoperoxidase band 2 and 3 increased and the band 5 and 6 decreased withthe development of infection.Two new bands of isoesterase appeared ininfected heads of two cultivars.No differences in changes of isoesterasewere found between two hosts.The patterns of changes in PO activitysuggested that in the early infection stage,the increase in PO activity wasinvolved in disease resistance in Sumai_3,but in the middle and lateinfection stages,the large increase in PO activity in two combinationsappeared to be associated with susceptibility in the wheat—F.gromineoruminteraction.
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