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《Acta Phytopathologica Sinica》 1991-04
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A HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE INTERACTION OF WHEAT CULTIVARS AND LEAF RUST RACES WITH DIFFERENT COMPATIBILITIES

Zhang Fengguo Wang Zhixin Wang Yixuan Zhu Zhiyu (Hebei, Agricultural University )  
The histopathological manifestation of interactions of wheat cultivars and leaf rust (Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici) races with different compatibilities was investigated by using whole-leaf cleaning and staining technique at various times after inoculation. The results showed that (1) there were no significant differences in the uredospore germination and appresorium formation before infection between the combinations; (2) the first significant differences appeared among the combinations were the time and amount of substomatal vesicle formation and the growth of primary infection hyphae within the wheat leaves. This may suggest that the recognition of cultivar and rust and the expression of host resistance were initiated at this stage; (3) hypersensitive necrosis was also discovered in susceptible cultivar 5389 although the percentage of infection site with necrosis (6.7-20.0%) and the number of dead cells (0.5 cells per infection site) were less and the time of appearing necrosis was later (96hr a. i.) than the incompatible combination. The specificity of host and pathogen interaction in necrotic cell formation and the usefulness of using both certain physiological and histological characters as criterion determining the host resistance were discussed.
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【Fund】: 河北省科委资助项目
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