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Quantitative taxonomic analyses of Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) in China based on micromorphological characters of foliar trichomes

HE Zi Can 1 ZHONG Yang 1 LIU Hong Tao 1TANG Xian Hua 2 YE Li 1 HUANG De Shi 1 XU Li Ming 1 (Wuhan Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, [WT6BZ]Wuhan 430074) [WT6BX] 1 (The Graduate School, Huazhong Agriculture  
WT5BZ]There are various arguments on classification of the genus Actinidia Lindl., a genus with approximately 63 species, 59 of which have been found in China. The paper investigated the characteristics of foliar trichomes of 35 taxa from China under optical microscope, including size, celluar structure, distribution and density. According to their micromorphological characteristics, foliar trichomes can be classified into the following six categories: 1) single cell hairs; 2) uniseriate hairs, including linear, bulbous, twisted, straight walled, and bent walled hairs; 3) multiseriate hairs, including twisted, straight walled and gradually sharpening, straight walled and suddenly sharpening, bent walled and gradually sharpening, and suddenly sharpening hairs; 4) multiseriate thick hairs, including pillar hairs, gradually sharpening thick hairs, and suddenly sharpening thick hairs; 5) stellate hairs, including parenchyma stellate and sclerenchyma stellate (normal state and special states such as rosulate, peltate stellate, and overlopping stellate) hairs ; and 6) dichotomous hairs. On the basis of the micromorphological characteristics of foliar trichomes in Actinidia, with Clematoclethra lasioclada as an outgroup, both the quantitative cladistic analysis and phenetic analysis were performed using Wagner method and UPGMA clustering method respectively to reconstruct the phylogeny of Actinidia in China. The phylogenetic tree generated by cladistic analysis suggests that the sect. Leiocarpae be a monophyletic group, but other three sections, i.e., sect. Maculatae, sect. Strigosae and sect. Stellatae, be non monophyletic groups. The results obtained from the phenetic analysis reflect relationships among the taxa of Actinidia in China, especially a close relationship between A. chinensis and A. deliciosa, and a relatively remote relationship between A. callosa var. henryi and A. callosa var. discolor. In conclusion, the micromorphological characters of foliar trichomes and the methods of quantitative taxonomic analysis are of key importance to studies on phylogenetic and phenetic relationships of Actinidia.
【Fund】: 中国科学院生物区系分类特别支持费;; 中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重点项目;; 湖北省自然科学基金资助项目
【CateGory Index】: Q944
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