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《Chinese Journal of Health Laboratory Technology》 2009-04
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Level and characteristic of traffic pollution in heath effect study area

ZHANG Qiu-li,SONG Hong,HU Qian-sheng,CHEN Bo-ning,TAN Qiang(School of Public Health,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510080,China)  
Objective:To choose region which target population stay for the program of the study on the assessment technologyof health effect of vehicle emission pollution,including local air pollution exposing estimate and the individual monitoring in determining indexes,methods etc.Methods:Carried out period manual air concentration monitoring on the height of people respiration at two points.The indexes include NO2,SO2,PM10,PM2.5,CO and O3.On the basis of the second class of the national ambient air quality standards(national standard 3095-1996)conducted statistical analyses for the monitoring data of air pollutants.Results:The over standard rates of NO2,SO2 and PM2.5 in monitoring point 1are all 100%,which of NO2 and PM2.5 in monitoring point 2 are all 50%.The comprehensive index of atmospheric quality of the two points are 5.98 and 3.30 respectively.The maximum of the sharing rates of the pollutants in the two points both are NO2,and PM2.5 secondary.Conclusion:The situation of traffic pollution in the objective region is serious;comparing to the national ambient air quality standards,the area air pollution possesses the characteristic of obvious vehicle exhaust related and high exposing level.the region is the objective area for the following study on health effect of vehicle emission pollution;and the methods on trial have application value in practice.
【Fund】: 十一五科技支撑计划项目(2006BAI19B06)
【CateGory Index】: X831
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