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THE BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTIVITY ON CHINESE FIR STANDS AT DIFFERENT ZONE

Feng Zongwei, Chen Chuying, Zhang Jiawu, Zhao Jilu, Wang Kaiping, Zeng Shiyu (Institute of Forestry and Soil Science, Academia Sinica)  
The distribution area of Chinese fir was divided into 3 zones, they are northern, central and southern zone.1. The standing crop of stand, the standing crop and net production of tree layer were respectively 156.31 ton/ha, 150.85 ton/ha and 10.34 ton/ha/yr for 20 years old at central zone (Hui-tong), 134.63 ton/ha, 127.92 ton/ha and 8.4 ton/ha/yr for 20 years old at southern zone (Yu-lin), and 103.63 ton/ha, 100.32 ton/ha and 4.8 ton/ha/yr, for 23 years old at northern zone (Xin-yang). Those data show that biological productivity of central zone is higher than other zones. So that central zone may be set up as the commercial timber forest base in China. Other zones may be used as the regional commercial timber forest base.2. Standing crop ratios of leave to branch and photosynthesis system to non photosynthesis system trended to wards southern zonecentral zonenorthern zone. Those indicated that Standing crop of leave in southern zone is lower and its photosynthesis efficiency is higher than that of central zone and northern zone. Thick crown type may be chosen in southern zone and thin crown type in northeen for afforesting.
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