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《ACTA PHYTOECOLOGICA SINICA》 2000-04
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GRADIENT ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF MOUNTAIN TOPOGRAPHY ON VEGETATION PATTERN

SHEN Ze-Hao 1 ZHANG Xin-Shi 2 and JIN Yi-Xing 3 (1 Department of Urban and Environmental Science, Peking Univers ity, Beijing 100871) (2 Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10 0093) (3 Wuhan Institute of Botany,the Chine  
Seven indices were used to define the topographical characteristics of community habitats in mountain forest at Dalaoling in the Three Gorges region.Based on th at, a DCCA was used to quantitatively analyze the ecological roles of the topogr aphical parameters and their effects on the spatial patterns of subtropical moun tain forest communities; the altitudinal variations of their effects were also a nalyzed.The results suggest that: 1) the first 4 axes of DCCA are prominently ass ociated with elevation,position and slope exposure,and mountain aspect respectively; multi-scal e and directional multi-differentiation patterns were found in this mountain forest vegetation; 2) the temperature,moisture,nutrient and illumi nation conditions of the sampling habitats of the mountain forest communities ar e reflected by the topographical factors elevation,slope, position and exposure; 3) on the vertical gradient: the influence of elevat ion on vegetation was s trong at 600-800 m and 1500-1700 m; and that of exposure had the strongest effect on vegetation composition at the summit zone of the mountain; the slope ,position and shape of slope showed prominent effects in mid-slope regions,unde r 600 m the effect of slope angle was also strong; the effect of aspect was stro ngest in midslope regions.
【Fund】: 中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态开放实验室基金!( L P95 0 9)
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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