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THE EFFECT OF CHILLING STRESS ON RESPIRATORY METABOLISM IN CUCUMBER SEEDLINGS WITH DIFFERENT DEGREES OF TOLERANCE

Liu Hong-xian, Wang Yi-rou, Zeng Shao-xi, Li Ping, Chen Yi-zhu, Chen De-feng and Guo Jun-yan (Kuo Chun-yen)(South China Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica)  
Under chilling treatment, the respiratory metabolism in cotyledons of etiolated cucumber seedlings was studied by the use of respiratory inhibitors. The changes in substrate oxidation pathway and electron transport pathway of cotyledons of cucumber cultivars with different chilling sensitivity were also studied. The experimental results are shown as follows: 1. The injury symptoms of etiolated cucumber seedlings appeared in the course of chilling treatment, 2 days earlier with Quanqing than with Yuezao No. 3 2. After chilling treatment, the respiratory activities, and the activities of substrate oxidization pathway and electron transport pathway in cucumber cotyledons of both cultivars were increased, which were higher in Yuezao No. 3 than in Quanqing. After an increase at first, they decreased as the time of chilling treatment went on. The decrease in respiratory activity of Quanqing (chilling-sensitive) occurred 2 days earlier than that of Yuezao No. 3 (chilling-tolerant). 3. Calculated as percentages in total value of respiration, EMP patyway had precedence over the other one under chilling temperature, HMP pathway being even lower than control. After 2 days of chilling treatment, the percentage of substrate oxidation pathway of Yuezao No. 3 (chilling-tolerant) became stabilized as chilling treatment went on. 4. Under normal temperature, the alternate pathway of electron transport exceeded that of the cytochrome pathway. After chilling treatment, the cytochrome pathway took precedence over the alternate pathway. After 2 days of chilling treatment, the rate of electron transport in Yuezao No. 3 (chilling tolerance) became stabilized as chilling treatment went on.
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