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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRUCTURAL STATUS AND PHOTOCHEMICAL ACTIVITY OF CHLOROPLASTS

Li Gong-fan;Cai Wan-ping;Wu Ya-jun;Liu Dong;Zhang Zhong-wei;Huang Jun Department of Biology, Nanjing Normal University.  
It has been demonstrated from our research on photochemical activity of intactchloroplast, mixture of unbroken and broken chloroplasts, swollen chloroplastand ultrasonicated chloroplast that 1) chloroplast envelope affects the electrontransport and coupled photophosphorylation of chloroplast, its influence on the rateof electron transport varies with the type of artificial electron acceptors used; 2) thestructure of thylakoid membrane affects the energy conservation, rate of electrontransport and coupled photophosphorylation, and the integrity of thylakoid membraneis necessary for keeping the rate of electron transport and the ratio of P/O high; 3)the integrity of thylakoid membrane is also necessary for maintaining PS II activityat the normal level, a decrease of PS II activity accompanies with the decrease ofthylakoid membrane integrity, the lowest PS II activity occurs at the moment whenthylakoid membrane is broken.
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