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《植物生理学报》 1991-01
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Effects of Osmotic Stress on Membrane-Lipid Peroxidation and Endogenous Protective Systems in Ricse Seedlings

JIANG Ming-Yi, JING Jia-Hai and WANG Shao-Tang (Northwestern Agricultural Universiey, Yangling, Shaanxl 712100)  
Two rice cultivars, drought resistant paddy rice cultivar Xiang No. 1 and drought sensitive upland rice cultivar 763612, were used in the experiment. The effects of osmotic stress induced by PEG (-0.5 MPa, -0.8MPa) on permeability of plasma membrane, membrane-lipid peroxidation, activities of endogenous protective enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) and contents of ascorbic acid (Vc) and carotenoid (Car) were studied. The results showed that under -0.5 MPa osmotic stress, contents of Vc and Car decreased, while permeability of plasma membrane, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and activities of SOD, POD and CAT in creased; under -0.8 MPa osmotic stress, contents of Vc and Car, and activities of SOD and CAT decreased sharply with a marked increase of permeability of plasma membrane and MDA content. Under -0.8MPa, activity of POD of Xiang No.1 increased at first, then decreased, but activity of POD of 763612 decreased steadily. The responses of the two cultivars to osmotic stress were different. Under osmotic stress, there was a negative correlation of the activities of endogenous protective enzyme systems and the contents of Vc and Car with the level of membrane-lipid peroxidation and the permeability of plasma membrane. It is suggested that these parameters may be used as important indexes for breeding drought resistant rice.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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