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Effects of Microtubule-Specific Inhibitor APM on the Cytoplasmic Streaming in the Staminal Hairs of Tradescantia blossfeldiana

LIU Jian, WANG Xiu-Zhen and CHEN Da-Dong (Laboratory of Biochemistry, Beijing Agricultural University, Beijing 100094)  
Microtubules(MTs) are among the principal components of the cytoskeleton. MTs are also involved in cell movement and transport of materials within cells and in maintaining the shape of cells. Moreover, MTs directly participate in the motion of cilia and flagella ,causing fast axonal transport in animal neurons and provide tracks for rapid movement of particles, including mitochondria.To find out whether cytoplasmic streaming in plant cells is also associated with MTs besides actin and myosin, amiprophos-methyl ( APM ), a specific and effective plant MT inhibitor, has been introduced into the staminal hair cells by immersion and microinjection. Permeation of APM into the cells caused the slowing down of particle movement along cytoplasmic strands, the dissociation of the particles from the strands, and, finally, the stopping of the particle movement. After being microinjected, APM could spread to the cells adjacent to the injected cell through intercellular channels, causing the disappearance of the cytoplasmic strands and the stopping of the particle movement. In 30 min, however, the cytoplasmic strands reappeared in the cells on the far end from the injected cell, then the particle movement started again. Therefore the inhibition by APM is found to be reversible. The above-mentioned results indicate that MT may be a principal component of cytoplasmic strands and that there is a close relationship between the cytoplasmic streaming and the polymerization and depolymerization of the MTs.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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