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《Acta Photophysiologica Sinica》 2001-06
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Effects of Fruit Shading on Photosynthate Partitioning, Sugar Metabolism and Accumulation in Developing Satsuma Mandarin(Citrus unshiu Marc.) Fruit

CHEN Jun Wei 1,2 ZHANG Shang Long 1 ZHANG Liang Cheng 1 XU Chang Jie 1 CHEN Kun Song 1 ( 1 Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310029; 2 Insititute for Appli  
The physiological effects of fruit shading by covering fruit with two layer opaque paper bag at the primary stage of fruit enlargement were investigated in developing satsuma mandarin fruit. Compared with control fruit, the chlorophyll in peel dropped rapidly and the accumulating rate of carotenoid in peel was very slow throughout fruit development(Fig.3). The total sugar content of peel in shaded fruit was lower but the relative content of sucrose in peel was significantly higher than that in control fruit(Fig.1). Fruit shading increased the percentage of photosynthates partitioning to peel, and correspondingly decreased the percentage of photosynthates partitioned to juice sacs(Fig.4). Fruit shading also reduced the sucrose content of juice sacs in developing satsuma mandarin fruit(Fig.2). The activities of sucrose synthase(SS), invertase and sucrose phosphate synthase(SPS) in peel of shaded fruit were much higher than those of control fruit, but fruit shading had almost no effects on the activities of sucrose metabolizing enzyme in juice sacs(Figs.5-7). These results indicate that in the absence of fruit photosynthesis, the sink strength of peel was strengthened by elevating activities of sucrose metabolizing enzymes in this tissue, thus leading to division more photosynthates to peel and corresponding decrease of sugar content in juice sacs of satsuma mandarin.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目 (批准号 39730 34 0 )
【CateGory Index】: Q945.65
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