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《Acta Photophysiologica Sinica》 2003-02
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The Role of Active Oxygen in Chilling-Induced Ethylene Production in Etiolated Mungbean Seedlings

KE De-Sen, SUN Gu-Chou , WANG Ai-Guo (South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650,China) DONG Liang-Feng (Department of Biological Science, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK)  
The production rate of ethylene, as well as that of active oxygen, increased obviously in etiolated mungbean seedlings which grew at 25℃ after 5 h chilling stress at 5℃ in the darkness, showing a close relation between the increase in ethylene production rate and that in active oxygen production (Figs.1, 2). The specific inhibitor of ethylene synthesis, AVG (2-aminoethoxyvinlglycine) and AOA (aminooxyacetic acid), could inhibit the chilling-induced increase in ethylene production, but not that in active oxygen production, indicating it is not through increasing ethylene production that low temperature stress induces an increase in active oxygen production (Fig.3). The specific scavenger of superoxide radical (O -· 2), SOD (superoxide dismutase) and DABCO(1,4-diazabicyclo-2,2,2-octane), could bate the increase of ethylene production in etiolated mungbean seedlings after chilling stress, the exogenous O -· 2 (10 mmol/L methyl viologen or Na 2S 2O 4 ) could promote ethylene production in early growing stage in normal temperature after chilling stress in etiolated seedlings (Fig.4), which demonstrated that the increase in O -· 2 production may be the cause of the increase in ethylene production under chilling stress. The possibility of H 2O 2's mediating the stimulative effect of chilling stress on ethylene production can be excluded (Fig.5).
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (No .396 70 0 70 )资助
【CateGory Index】: S522
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